June 22

What Are The Types of EV Chargers?


As the demand for electric vehicles (EVs) continues to increase, people are becoming more interested in the cutting-edge technologies behind them. One key component that enables an EV to operate is its battery, which needs to be recharged whenever it’s low or depleted. If you plan to buy an EV, knowing how to properly charge your battery is essential. Let’s look at the different types of EV charging to determine which one is right for your vehicle.

What Are the Different Types of EV Charging?

EV charging comes in three levels: Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3. Generally, the higher the charging level, the more power will be delivered to your EV, which leads to a faster charging process. However, you’ll want to be careful about taking your vehicle straight to a Level 3 charging station. Note that EV batteries are designed to accept different power levels, so you must find the right charging level for your vehicle.

Once your EV is plugged in, a communication process will occur before energizing the charging equipment. During this process, your EV will ask the charger how much power it can deliver and decide whether it will accept or decline the charge. This ensures that your vehicle won’t receive too much power, which can harm its battery.

Level 1 Charging (120 Volts)

Level 1 charging means plugging your EV into a regular 120-volt outlet, which can be found in homes, workplaces, and public areas. All EVs or plug-in hybrid vehicles can use this type of charging equipment. However, it’s the slowest type of charging, adding only 3 to 5 miles of range per hour. Level 1 charging may be sufficient for plug-in hybrid vehicles with small batteries, but it isn’t fast enough to recharge the larger batteries in EVs daily.

Level 2 Charging (208 to 240 Volts)

A Level 2 charger can replenish an EV’s battery at 12 to 80 miles of range per hour. Depending on your vehicle’s maximum charge rate and the charger’s power output, it can be up to 10 times faster than a Level 1 charger. That’s enough to keep an EV charged for daily driving, so most EV owners have Level 2 charging equipment installed in their homes. Even if your vehicle has a nearly empty battery, it can reach a full charge overnight with this type of charging.

A Level 2 charger can generate up to 80 amps of power, but you must invest in costly equipment to achieve this. In most cases, you’ll be fine with just a 40 amp charger that can deliver 9.6 kW to your EV. Alternatively, you can opt for a slightly faster 48 amp charger rated at 11.5 kW. However, you must ensure it’s installed with a heavier gauge wire and hardwired. Therefore, you may spend much more on a 48 amp charger that offers only marginally faster charging than a 40 amp unit.

Level 3 Charging (400 to 900 Volts)

Also known as DC fast or superchargers, Level 3 chargers deliver the fastest EV charging available today. With a charging speed of 3 to 20 miles of range per minute, they can recharge your EV to 80% in as little as 20 minutes.

Level 3 charging is much faster than Level 1 and Level 2 because it runs on direct current (DC) instead of alternating current (AC). However, this also means it requires a much higher voltage supply, which is often unavailable in residential areas. This is why DC fast chargers are typically only found in public locations. Aside from a high voltage requirement, they come with a hefty price tag, up to tens of thousands of dollars. The installation fees alone may cost more than the price of your EV.

Does Every EV Use the Same Connector?

Except for Tesla models, every EV uses the J1772 connector or J-plug for Level 1 and Level 2 charging. Three standards are currently being used for Level 3 charging: Tesla’s proprietary plug, the Asian-standard CHAdeMO for Nissan and Mitsubishi models, and the Combined Charging System or Combo plug for vehicles from all other manufacturers.

What Is the Kia EV Lineup for 2023?

If you’re considering purchasing a new vehicle, getting a Kia EV or plug-in hybrid vehicle is a good idea. For the 2023 model year, Kia has a great selection of electrified models for you, including the EV6Niro EV, and the Niro, Sportage, and Sorento plug-in hybrid vehicles. These offer impressive driving ranges, fast charging times, a comfortable and upscale cabin, and many tech and safety features. They’re also competitively priced, making them excellent value propositions. If you prefer to get a used vehicle, you can look at the previous models of these Kias. 

The EV6 is especially worth your consideration. As Kia’s first dedicated all-electric vehicle, it embodies the brand’s most advanced electrification technologies. In addition to a stylish exterior and well-appointed cabin, the crossover also features a lively powertrain that delivers up to 320 horsepower and provides an impressive maximum driving range of 310 miles. Additionally, it comes with a performance-oriented GT model that can sprint from zero to 60 mph in an incredible 3.4 seconds. Besides the EV6, you’ll soon see two other SUV models in Kia’s EV lineup: the EV5 and EV9.

Test-Drive a Kia EV or Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle at Huffines Kia McKinney

If you’re shopping for an EV in McKinney, Texas, visit us at Huffines Kia McKinney to check out our fantastic selection of Kia EVs and plug-in hybrid vehicles. Whether you need a car for daily commuting or hauling your family, our dealership can provide an electrified model that ticks all your boxes. We also offer fantastic special deals to help you save money on your car purchase. Contact us today to schedule a test drive.


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